birth control methods

This is an information page. If you’re looking to request an appointment click here:

Choosing a method can be really overwhelming. There are so many names and brands out there. Some are more effective than others, and some require more maintenance than others. Although there’s always more to know, this page could help you get up to speed or remind you of a few things. We tried to give you as much information without being overwhelming. Of course, you can always ask your clinician more questions during your clinic visit .


The Implant


The Pill

The Patch

The Ring

Depo (The Shot)


Female Condom

Emergency Contraception

Fertility Awareness Methods

Lactational Amenorrhea Method (LAM)

When a man becomes sexually excited, he may have an orgasm (ejaculates) and release fluid (semen or cum) that have millions of sperm cells. When the penis is inside the vagina (intercourse), sperm may be released inside of the vagina. It is possible for sperm released close to the outside of the vagina to swim into the vagina. Once inside the vagina, sperm swim upwards through the opening of the cervix, through the uterus, and into the fallopian tubes. Sperm can live up to six days inside a woman. Even though the journey is a short six or so inches, it’s a difficult path, and only a few sperm will reach the woman’s fallopian tube. A woman releases an egg (ova) every 30 days or so from one of her ovaries into one of her fallopian tubes. There is one ovary on either side of the uterus. Usually one ovary will release an egg one month, and then the other ovary will release an egg the next month. If an egg is in one of the tubes, a sperm can join it (fertilize it). Once fertilized, the egg forms a single-celled unit called a zygote, and the change prevents any other sperm from getting through to the egg. In the case of twins or multiples, it is possible for a woman to release more than one egg and for each to be joined by a sperm. This is how fraternal twins (multiples) are made. Identical twins are developed from a single fertilized egg that splits. Identical twins have nearly the same genetic makeup, but fraternal multiples are like any other sibling. The zygote(s) divide(s) rapidly for a few days in the tube and then travels down into the uterus. It can take another couple of days for the zygote(s) to connect (implant) inside of the uterus for a pregnancy to begin.   Um, can I get pregnant if…? Myth and facts from our friends at Bedsider Bedsider: Pregnancy 101 Planned Parenthood: How do you get pregnant?
Scrotum: Skin sac that holds the testicles. Testicles: Two egg-shaped organs where sperm are made. Epididymis: Tubes which carry sperm from the testicles to the vas deferens. Sperm Duct (Spermatic Duct): Tube that carries blood supply to testicles and sperm to urethra. Urethra: Tube that carries urine and semen out of penis. Semen: Mixture of sperm and other fluids. Sperm: Cell from a male that combines with an egg from a female to make a baby. Seminal Vesicles: Glands which produce fluid that combines with sperm. Penis: Shaft with an enlarged tip (glans) that may put sperm into the vagina. Corpus Cavernosum: Two tubes inside the penis which fills up with blood to make the penis hard when a man becomes sexually excited. Corpus Spongiosum: A column of erectile tissue in the center of the penis and surrounding the urethra. When filled with bloo it enlarges and causes the penis to swell and become erect. Foreskin: Skin covering the end of the penis. The foreskin is sometimes removed by a doctor or religious person (circumcision). Prostate Gland: Walnut-sized gland which surrounds the urethra and can be felt inside the rectum. It contracts rhythmically to squeeze the semen out when a man has an orgasm (comes).


At Access Esperanza Clinics, we offer opportunities and hope for people to plan their futures and stay healthy. You can count on us for quality, affordable, and confidential care at all of our Health Clinics.

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You may qualify for free or low-cost services 

If you are concerned about your ability to pay for services, you may qualify for one of our programs that would pay all or most of your services. Each program has its own set of eligibility. Our clinic staff can check your eligibility, help you apply, and provide you with services all on the same day.

We offer programs that can help pay some or all of the cost of your family planning and preventive health services. Our clinic staff can check your eligibility, help you apply, and provide you with services all on the same day. Programs are for female and male adults and teens in their reproductive years. Eligibility is based on your age, household income (you and, if married, your spouse), and family size. Some programs have additional eligibility requirements. You do not have to be a U.S. citizen or have legal residency to qualify. 

To apply for for a funding program, please bring the following documents with you when you come to our clinic: 

  1. Proof of Household Income – Bring any/all you have:
  • Family member’s Children’s Medicaid card, with date of enrollment
  • WIC, TANF or Food Stamp approval letter, dated
  • 2 paystubs within 60 days
  • FAFSA (student federal aid application)
  • Award notice, letter, or written statements from Social Security Administration
  • Form H1028: Employment verification (to be completed by your employer)


  • Photo ID- Texas Driver’s License, Texas ID card, work or school ID card with photo


If you are an adult female and a U.S. citizen or Permanent U.S. Resident, also bring

  •  U.S. birth certificate, passport, passport card
  • Certificate of U.S. naturalization
  • Religious record of birth with date and place of birth, such as baptism record
  •  I-551 card (permanent resident card)
  • Social Security Cards for you, your spouse, and your children 

Household Income (You and Your Spouse) to Qualify for Free Services               

Household Size   Monthly Maximum
1 $2,603
2 $3,523
3 $4,444
4 $5,365
5 $6,286
6 $7,207