BIRTH CONTROL IUDS
intra-uterine device (IUD)
The IUD is a tiny piece of flexible plastic shaped like a T. Insertion of the device is done at the clinic. While IUDs may be removed at anytime, those containing the hormone progestin lasts 3-5 years, and the one with copper and no hormones lasts up to 12 years.
- Paraguard® has a small amount of natural, safe copper. It is effective up to 12 years. Paraguard doesn’t have hormones, unlike the others, so a woman’s period might be irregular for several months then stop all together.
- Mirena® contains synthetic progestin hormones and lasts up to five years.
- Skyla® is a smaller IUD that might be a good choice for women who have not had a child. It contains synthetic progestin hormones and works up to three years.
- Liletta® contains synthetic progestin hormones and lasts up to three years.
How The IUD Works:
- All IUDs change the way sperm cells move to prevent them from reaching the egg and fertilizing it.
- The Paraguard IUD uses copper to keep sperm from reaching the egg.
- IUDs with hormones can also stop eggs from leaving the ovary (ovulation).
How the IUD is used
- An IUD is placed in the uterus by clinician. When you are ready to remove it, a clinician must do it.
- A short length of plastic “string” will be in the vagina. Check your IUD strings after each menstrual period.
- Must be replaced as needed (3-12 years), depending on type of IUD.
- One of the most effective birth control methods
- Works for a long time but can be removed at any time
- It’s easy to use. Once in place, you don’t have to remember to do anything except check the string once a month.
- Private- no one has to know you are using it
- Sex is not interrupted
- Women who use IUDs with hormones tend to have lighter periods and less cramping. Some women’s periods stop completely.
- Can use while breastfeeding; won’t affect how much milk you produce
Possible Problems or Disadvantages
- No protection against STls including HIV/AIDs.
- If you get an STI, the infection may be much worse and more damaging.
- There’s a small chance the IUD falls out all the way or part way. If this happens, go back to your clinic and have it removed. You can get a new IUD inserted.
- It is extremely unlikely to get pregnant with an IUD, but if you do, you should have the IUD removed right away as there is a higher risk of having a tubal pregnancy and other serious health problems.
- The IUD is safe for most healthy women, but all medications and devices have some risks and side effects. Access Esperanza Clinics can provide additional information and answer questions to see if the IUD is right for you.
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At Access Esperanza Clinics, we offer opportunities and hope for people to plan their futures and stay healthy. You can count on us for quality, affordable, and confidential care at all of our health clinics.
The information provided on this site is intended for your general knowledge only and is not a substitute for professional medical advice or treatment. Please call Access Esperanza Clinics at 956-688-3700 to set an appointment at any of our clinics.