BIRTH CONTROL IUDS
intra-uterine device (IUD)
The IUD is a tiny piece of flexible plastic shaped like a T. Insertion of the device is done at the clinic. While IUDs may be removed at anytime, those containing the hormone progestin lasts 3-5 years, and the one with copper and no hormones lasts up to 12 years.
- Paraguard® has a small amount of natural, safe copper. It is effective up to 12 years. Paraguard doesn’t have hormones, unlike the others, so a woman’s period might be irregular for several months then stop all together.
- Mirena® contains synthetic progestin hormones and lasts up to five years.
- Skyla® is a smaller IUD that might be a good choice for women who have not had a child. It contains synthetic progestin hormones and works up to three years.
- Liletta® contains synthetic progestin hormones and lasts up to three years.
Intra-Uterine Device (IUD)
• A small T-shaped object containing progestin, copper or silver prevents sperm from fertilizing the egg
• Changes uterus lining so that a fertilized egg may not implant.
• Both work mainly by affecting the way sperm move so they can’t join with an egg. For some women, LNG IUD may prevent the egg from leaving the ovary. This keeps sperm from getting to the eggs. LNG IUD may also thicken a woman’s cervical mucus. The mucus blocks sperm and keeps it from joining with an egg.
How The IUD Is Used:
• An IUD is placed in the uterus by clinician.
• Woman checks IUD strings after each menstrual period.
• Must be replaced as needed (5-12 years) depending on type of IUD.
• Do not attempt to remove IUD yourself.
• See your clinician if you have fever, abdominal pain, pain when having sex, bleeding, discharge, missed period, any STI, or if the strings are missing, longer or shorter.
• Works for a long time
• Do not have to interrupt sex.
• Can be used while breastfeeding.
• Copper-releasing IUD may prevent pregnancy when inserted up to 5 days after unprotected sex.
• Copper-releasing IUD contains no hormones
Possible Problems or Disadvantages:
• No protection against STls including HIV/AIDs.
• If you get an STI, the infection may be much worse and more damaging.
• IUD may fall out without the woman knowing it.
• Not a good method for women with more than one partner.
• Not a good method for women with partners who have other partners.
• If you become pregnant, there is a higher risk of having a tubal pregnancy.
• Irregular periods or spotting between periods in the first 3 –6 months.
• Heavier periods and worse menstrual cramps — with Copper IUD
How Well Does It Prevent Pregnancy?
• With typical use, less than 1 out of 100 women get pregnant in a year while using an IUD
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At Access Esperanza Clinics, we offer opportunities and hope for people to plan their futures and stay healthy. You can count on us for quality, affordable, and confidential care at all of our health clinics.
The information provided on this site is intended for your general knowledge only and is not a substitute for professional medical advice or treatment. Please call Access Esperanza Clinics at 956-688-3700 to set an appointment at any of our clinics.